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高三阅读理解Naturally parents praise their kids

时间:2018-01-12 10:56  作者:David  来源:本站整理

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文章摘要:高三阅读理解Naturally parents praise their kids,变冷访问速度斫轮老手,三心磨砻砥砺夯夯。

Naturally, parents praise their kids. They want to encourage their children every day. But when it comes to building self-esteem (自尊) in children, praise doesn’t always have a positive effect, according to a special edition of the journal Child Development. The issue, edited by Eddie and Thomas, is focused on research into how children develop a sense of self and building your child’s confidence takes different skills than you might think.
Eddie points out that children are born without a sense of self, but it doesn’t take long before some kids have a lot of confidence and may feel superior to peers, while others may carry more self-doubt and see themselves as inferior. Yet no one really understands what causes children to view themselves the way they do. Surprisingly little is known about the origins of children’s self-concept,” Eddie said.
Research has found that when kids have a warm, loving relationship with their parents, they develop higher self-esteem. However, when they are given endless praise that is inequal to their achievements, their self-esteem may drop.
Instead of lavish praise, parents should focus on warmth to build self-esteem, researchers have found—specifically, parents should show interest in their kids’ activities and share joy with them. This makes children feel noticed and valued. According to Eddie’s own research, children may develop lower self-esteem when their parents give them lots of positive and overstated praises. Too much praise can make children worry about disappointing their parents, and may lead to an unhealthy attitude toward failure. Other studies suggest that parents can teach children that failure is beneficial by encouraging kids to ask themselves: “Why didn’t I achieve the result I wanted, and what can I do to change the outcome in the future?”
Additionally, it’s important for parents to encourage the belief that kids can develop basic abilities through devotion and hard work. Kids who are praised for their effort instead of their ability are more likely to develop a growth mindset, which have a positive impact on their confidence.
32. What does the special edition of Child Development focus on?
A. When is the best time to build a child’s self-esteem.
B. What effect praise has on a child’s self understanding.
C. How children develop their sense of self-esteem.
D. How blaming and overpraise hurt a child’s comfidence.
33. How does too much praise hurt children’s self-esteem?
A. They’ll he afraid of failing and disappointing their parents.
B. They’ll have a false understanding of their ability and fail.
C. They’ll become too proud to get along with other children.
D. They’ll focus more on their advantages than their weaknesses.
34. What can we infer from the last paragraph?
A. Children’s effort will help build their confidence.
B. Children should he taught the value of hard work.
C. Praising a child’s ability will make them happier.
D. Some parents doubt if kids can develop their abilities.
35. Which of the following is the passage mainly about?
A. Praising a child for any reason helps build his self-esteem.
B. How kids develop their sense of self-esteem differently.
C. Why some kids have more self-doubt than the others.
D. Participation and encouragement build a kid’s self-esteem.


答案 ABD

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