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奉贤区高三英语一模2018上海市奉贤区2018届高三一模英语试卷答案(5)

时间:2018-01-06 11:59  作者:David  来源:本站整理

III. Reading Comprehension
Section A
Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or; phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.
Artists have long claimed alcohol and other drugs as inspiration for their creativity. But is there really a(n)  41  between intoxication(醉酒)and inspiration? A recent study published in Consciousness and Cognition explored the effects of moderate drunkenness on people’s creativity. The authors suggest that alcohol’s well-known effect in  42  executive function may be helpful for these types of creation problems.” Sometimes a reduced ability to  43  one’s attention can have positive implications for select cognitive tasks.” they write.
The findings raise the question of whether drugs that  44  attention and focus, in particular, stimulants(兴奋剂), would have the opposite effect on creative thinking  45  , very little research has been done on the issue, and what results exist so far have been mixed. The outcomes may well vary according to individual  46  to the drugs.   47  , some research has found that while stimulants can  48  test performance for those who are less intelligent, for the smartest folks, the drugs can have the opposite effect.
If less executive function is linked to more creativity, this may also explain why artists, writers and musicians appear to be more  49  to have an addiction. Perhaps creative people are more likely than others to be  50  to drugs in the first place, as a possible source of inspiration. And then, if reduced executive function is  51  in part for their initial talent, this, too, could make them more easily influenced by  52  once they start using. Having less executive control before you even take drugs means you’ll have less ability to stop once you start.
Whatever the real relationship between drunkenness, addiction and art, the authors  53  that their study findings don’t give people  54  to get drunk to “inspire the muse(冥想)” Co-author Jennifer Wiley, associate professor of psychology at the University of Illinois at Chicago, told the British Psychological Society’s Research Digest.” We tested what happens when people are slightly drunk-not when people drank to  55  . There could be no argument from these findings that drinking excessively would have the same effects.”
A glass of wine or two, however, may occasionally help.
41. A.attraction
B.reservation
C.connection
D.decoration
42. A.strengthening
B.damaging
C.maintaining
D.assessing
43. A.block
B.reduce
C.disturb
D.control
44. A.remain
B.drop
C.shift
D.increase
45. A.However
B.Moreover
C.Instead
D.Therefore
46. A.additions
B.responses
C.oppositions
D.contrasts
47. A.For example
B.On the contrary
C.As a result
D.On the other hand
48. A.conceal
B.executive
C.improve
D.delete
49. A.vital
B.likely
C.ideal
D.difficult
50. A.attracted
B.contributed
C.responded
D.with drawn
51. A.responsible
B.illegal
C.natural
D.impossible
52. A.confusion
B.ambition
C.addiction
D.exhaustion
53. A.lower
B.monitor
C.function
D.caution
54. A.sacrifice
B.privacy
C.appreciation
D.license
55. A.priorities
B.extremes
C.bottom
D.Affection

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