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2015政府工作报告中英文全文翻译Report on the Work of the Government(7)

时间:2015-03-11 11:19  作者:admin  来源:未知

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文章摘要:2015政府工作报告中英文全文翻译Report on the Work of the Government(7),显卡驱动成药钩深图远,双抢普通泥娃娃。

今年经济社会发展的主要预期目标是:国内生产总值增长7%左右,居民消费价格涨幅 3%左右,城镇新增就业 1000 万人以上,城镇登记失业率4.5%以内,进出口增长 6%左右,国际收支基本平衡,居民收入增长与经济发展同步。能耗强度下降3.1%以上,主要污染物排放继续减少。

We have set the main targets for China's economic and social development for this year as follows:

■ increase the GDP by approximately 7%;

■ keep the increase in the CPI at around 3%;

■ create over ten million jobs in urban areas;

■ ensure that the registered urban unemployment rate does not rise above 4.5%;

■ increase imports and exports by around 6%;

■ achieve a basic balance of payments;

■ ensure that personal incomes increase in step with economic development; and

■ cut energy intensity by 3.1%, and continue to reduce the emissions of major pollutants.

经济增长预期7%左右,考虑了需要和可能,与全面建成小康社会目标相衔接,与经济总量扩大和结构升级的要求相适应,符合发展规律,符合客观实际。以这样的速度保持较长时期发展,实现现代化的物质基础就会更加雄厚。稳增长也是为了保就业,随着服务业比重上升、小微企业增多和经济体量增大,7%左右的速度可以实现比较充分的就业。各地要从实际出发,积极进取、拉掘潜力,努力争取更好结果。

The target growth rate of approximately 7% takes into consideration what is needed and what is possible. This target is both aligned with our goal of finishing building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and is appropriate in terms of the need to grow and upgrade our economy. It is also in keeping with the objective laws of development as well as conditions in China. If China's economy can grow at this rate for a relatively long time, we will secure a more solid material foundation for modernization. At the same time, the aim of maintaining stable growth is to ensure employment. As the service sector becomes larger, the number of small and micro businesses grows, and the economy gains in size, a growth rate of approximately 7% will ensure ample employment. Local governments need to set targets based on local conditions, be fully motivated to make progress, and tap into their full potential so as to deliver better outcomes. 

做好今年政府工作,要把握好以下三点。

To deliver a good performance in the work of the government this year, we need to concentrate on the following three areas:

第一,稳定和完善宏现经济政策。继续实施积极的财政政策和稳健的货币政策,更加注重预调微调,更加注重定向调控,用好增量,盘活存量,重点支持薄弱环节。以微观活力支撑宏观稳定,以供给创新带动需求扩大,以结构调整促进总量平衡,确保经济运行在合理区间。

Firs we need to ensure continuity in and make improvements to macroeconomic policies.

We will continue to implement proactive fiscal policy and prudent monetary policy. We will pay greater attention to anticipatory adjustments, fine-tuning, and targeted regulation. We will put both existing and additional financial resources to good use, focusing particularly on strengthening weak spots. We will improve micro-level vitality to underpin macroeconomic stability, explore new ways of achieving supply to boost demand, and balance total supply and demand through structural adjustments to ensure the economy performs within an appropriate range.

积极的财政政策要加力增效。今年拟安排财政赤字1. 62 万亿元,比去年增加2700亿元,赤字率从去年的 2.1%提高到2.3%。其中,中央财政赤字1. 12 万亿元,增加 1700 亿元;地方财政赤字 5000 亿元,增加 1000 亿元。处理好债务管理与稳增长的关系,创新和完善地方政府举债融资机制。适当发行专项债券。保障符合条件的在建项目后续融资,防范和化解风险隐患。优化财政支出结构,大力盘活存量资金,提高使用效率。继续实行结构性减税和普遍性降费,进一步减轻企业特别是小微企业负担。

Our proactive fiscal policy must sustain the momentum of economic growth and increase economic returns. The government budget deficit for 2015 is projected to be 1.62 trillion yuan, an increase of 270 billion yuan over last year, which means that the deficit to GDP ratio will rise from last year's 2.1% to 2.3%. Of this amount, the central government deficit will account for 1.12 trillion yuan, an increase of 170 billion yuan, and local government deficit will account for 500 billion yuan, an increase of 100 billion yuan. We need to find the right balance between managing debt and maintaining steady growth. We will develop and improve mechanisms for local governments to secure financing through bond issuance. We will allow local governments to issue an appropriate amount of special bonds, ensure continued financing for eligible projects already under construction, and guard against and defuse risks and latent dangers. We will improve the mix of budgetary spending, redouble our efforts to put government funds on hand into use, and strengthen the effectiveness of government spending. We will continue to make structural tax reductions and cut fees across the board so as to further lighten the burden on enterprises, particularly small and micro businesses.

稳健的货币政策要松紧适度。广义货币M2预期增长12%左右,在实际执行中,根据经济发展需要,也可以略高些。加强和改善宏观审慎管理,灵活运用公开市场操作、利率、存款准备金率、再贷款等货币政策工具,保持货币信贷和社会融资规模平稳增长。加快资金周转,优化信贷结构,提高直接融资比重,降低社会融资成本,让更多的金融活水流向实体经济。

We will pursue prudent and balanced monetary policy. The M2 money supply is forecasted to grow by around 12% in 2015, but the actual supply may be slightly higher than this projection depending on the needs of economic development. We will work to strengthen and improve macro-prudential regulation, adopt a flexible approach in our use of monetary policy tools including open market operations, interest rates, required reserve ratios, and re-lending, and maintain steady growth in the supply of money and credit as well as aggregate financing in the economy. We will speed up the turnover of funds, improve the credit structure, increase the proportion of direct financing to total financing, and reduce the cost of financing, thereby allowing more financial resources to be channeled into the real economy.

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