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2015政府工作报告中英文全文翻译Report on the Work of the Government(18)

时间:2015-03-11 11:19  作者:admin  来源:未知

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文章摘要:2015政府工作报告中英文全文翻译Report on the Work of the Government(18),蜜穴中国制造坚甲厉兵,加派修理包房里。

加强和创新社会治理。深化社会组织管理制度改革,加快行业协会商会与行政机关脱钩。支持群团组织依法参与社会治理,发展专业社会工作、志愿服务和慈善事业。鼓励社会力量兴办养老设施,发展社区和居家养老。为农村留守儿童、妇女、老人提供关爱服务,建立未成年人社会保护制度。提高公共突发事件防范处置和防灾救灾减灾能力。做好地震、气象、测绘、地质等工作。深入开展法治宣传教育,加强人民调解工作,完善法律援助制度,落实重大决策社会稳定风险评估机制,有效预防和化解社会矛盾。把信访纳入法治轨道,及时就地解决群众合理诉求。深化平安中国建设,健全立体化社会治安防控体系,依法惩治暴恐、黄赌毒、邪教、走私等犯罪行为,发展和规范网络空间箩确保国家安全和公共安全。人的生命最为宝贵,要采取更坚决措施,全方位强化安全生产,全过程保障食品药品安全。

We will strengthen and make innovations in social governance.

We will deepen reform of the management of social organizations, and accelerate efforts to untie industry associations and chambers of commerce from any connections they may have with the government. We will support the participation of popular organizations in social governance in accordance with the law. We will develop specialized social work, volunteer services, and charities. We will encourage the opening of nongovernmental elderly care facilities, and develop community-based and at-home elderly care.

We will provide support and services for children, women, and older people who remain in rural areas while their family members move to work in urban areas, and establish a system of social protection for minors. We will improve our ability to prevent and handle public emergencies and to prevent, respond to, arid mitigate disasters. We will ensure that work in seismology, meteorology, surveying, mapping, and geology is all carried out to good effect.

We will make intensive efforts to increase public awareness of the rule of law, improve the effectiveness of people's mediation, and improve the system of legal aid. We will ensure that potential risks which major policy decisions may pose to social stability are fully assessed so as to effectively prevent and resolve social conflicts. We will ensure that the handling of public complaints filed through letters and visits is brought into line with the rule of law, and see to it that all justified complaints and demands are resolved promptly arid locally.

We will uphold law and order in China; improve the multidimensional system for crime prevention and control; punish violent terrorism, pornography, gambling, drug abuse and trafficking, cult activity, smuggling, and other crimes in accordance with the law; develop and regulate cyberspace; and ensure national and public security. Life is priceless; we must take stronger measures to ensure workplace safety in all fields, and ensure food and medicine safety throughout the production process.


打好节能减排和环境治理攻坚战。环境污染是民生之患、民心之痛,要铁腕治理。今年,二氧化碳排放强度要降低 3.1%以上,化学需氧量、氨氮排放都要减少 2%左右,二氧化硫、氮氧化物排放要分别减少 3%左右和 5%左右。深入实施大气污染防治行动计划,实行区域联防联控,推动燃煤电厂超低排放改造,促进重点区域煤炭消费零增长。推广新能源汽车,治理机动车尾气,提高油品标准和质量,在重点区域内重点城市全面供应国五标准车用汽柴油。 2005 年底前注册营运的黄标车要全部淘汰。积极应对气候变化,扩大碳排放权交易试点。实施水污染防治行动计划,加强江河湖海水污染、水污染源和农业面源污染治理,实行从水源地到水龙头全过程监管。推行环境污染第三方治理。做好环保税立法工作。我们一定要严格环境执法,对偷排偷放者出重拳,让其付出沉重的代价;对姑息纵容者严问贵,使其受到应有的处罚。

We will fight to win the battle of conserving energy, reducing emissions, and improving the environment.

Environmental pollution is a blight on people's quality of life and a trouble that weighs on their hearts. We must fight it with all our might. This year, we will cut the intensity of carbon dioxide by at least 3.1 %, reduce both chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen emissions by around 2%, and reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides by around 3% and 5% respectively.

We will fully implement the action plan for preventing and controlling air pollution; carry out coordinated inter-regional prevention and control efforts; upgrade coal-burning power plants to achieve ultra-low emissions; and strive for zero-growth in the consumption of coal in key areas of the country;

We will promote the use of new-energy vehicles, reduce vehicle exhaust emissions, raise the national production standards for and improve the quality of fuel, and provide motor gasoline and diesel fuel that meets National-V standards to all key cities in key areas. We will remove from the roads all high-emission commercial vehicles registered before the end of 2005.

We will actively respond to climate change and expand the trials for trading carbon emissions rights. We will implement the action plan for preventing and controlling water pollution; strengthen control over pollution in rivers, lakes, seas, water pollution sources, and pollution from nonpoint agricultural sources; and ensure the safety of drinking water by carrying out oversight over the whole process, from the source to the tap.

We will introduce third party governance in the handling of environmental pollution. We will work on the legislation for environmental protection tax. We must strictly enforce environmental laws and regulations; crack down on those guilty of creating illegal emissions and ensure they pay a heavy price for such offenses; and hold those who allow illegal emissions to account, punishing them accordingly.


能源生产和消费革命,关乎发展与民生。要大力发展风电、光伏发电、生物质能,积极发展水电,安全发展核电,开发利用页岩气、煤层气。拉制能源消费总量,加强工业、交通、建筑等重点领域节能。积极发展循环经济,大力推进工业废物和生活垃圾资源化利用。我国节能环保市场潜力巨大,要把节能环保产业打造成新兴的支柱产业。

Revolution in energy generation and consumption is vital to any country's development and to the wellbeing of its people. In China, we will put great weight behind the development of wind power, photovoltaic power, and biomass energy, work actively to develop hydropower, stress safety in developing nuclear power, and exploit and utilize shale gas and coal seam gas.

We will set a ceiling on total energy consumption and strengthen energy conservation in key areas such as manufacturing, transportation, and construction. We will work hard to develop a circular economy and promote the recovery of resources from industrial and household waste. There is enormous potential in China's market for energy conservation and environmental protection; we will develop the energy conservation and environmental protection industry into a new pillar of the economy.

森林草原、江河湿地是大自然赐予人类的绿色财富,必须倍加珍惜。要推进重大生态工程建设,拓展重点生态功能区,办好生态文明先行示范区,开展国土江河综合整治试点,扩大流域上下游横向补偿机制试点,保护好三江源。扩大天然林保护范围,有序停止天然林商业性采伐。今年新增退耕还林还草 1000 万亩,造林 9000 万亩。生态环保贵在行动、成在坚持,我们必须紧抓不松劲,一定要实现蓝天常在、绿水长流、永续发展。

Forests, grasslands, rivers, and wetlands are ecological riches arid gifts of nature that we must take greater care to cherish. We will carry out major ecological projects; extend key eco-function zones; work to establish zones that demonstrate best practices for promoting a sound ecology; carry out pilot projects to improve the overall condition of rivers; expand the trial of having localities situated on the upper and lower reaches of river basins compensate each other for their impact on water quality; and ensure the sources of the Yangtze, Yellow, and Lancang rivers are effectively preserved. We will expand the areas of natural forests under protection, and work in a planned way to put a stop to commercial logging in these forests. This year, we will return an additional 666,667 hectares of marginal farmland back to forest or grassland, and afforest 6 million more hectares of land.

In ecological protection, progress comes only through action, and success only through persistence. We must take a firm and unrelenting approach in this work, to ensure we always have blue skies, lucid waters, and sustainable development.


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