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2015政府工作报告中英文全文翻译Report on the Work of the Government(16)

时间:2015-03-11 11:19  作者:admin  来源:未知

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文章摘要:2015政府工作报告中英文全文翻译Report on the Work of the Government(16),涂装生产头文字多样性,陕西汉砂糖万念俱灰。

企业是技术创新的主体。要落实和完善企业研发费用加计扣除、高新技术企业扶持等普惠性政策,鼓励企业增加创新投入。支持企业更多参与重大科技项目实施、科研平台建设,推进企业主导的产学研协同创新。大力发展众创空间,增设国家自主创新示范区,办好国家高新区,发挥集聚创新要素的领头羊作用。中小微企业大有可为,要扶上马、送一程,使“草根”创新蔚然成风、遍地开花。

Enterprises play a leading role in technological innovation. We will implement and improve preferential policies, such as extra tax deductions for research and development costs and policies that support new- and high-technology enterprises, so as to encourage enterprises to increase their spending on innovation. We will encourage enterprise involvement in implementing major science and technology projects and building research platforms, and promote collaborative innovation by bringing together enterprises, academia, and research institutes, with enterprises playing the leading role.

We will work hard to develop the right environment for creativity, establishing more national innovation demonstration zones, ensuring the smooth functioning of new- and high-technology national development zones, and enabling them to play a leading role in boosting innovation. Medium, small, and micro businesses can accomplish great things. We need to give them a leg up to get them going. With these efforts, China's grassroots innovation can sprout up arid grow strong, bringing flowers of creation to every field.


提高创新效率重在优化科技资源配置。要改革中央财政科技计划管理方式,建立公开统一的国家科技管理平台。政府重点支持基础研究、前沿技术和重大关键共性技术研究,鼓励原始创新,加快实施国家科技重大项目,向社会全面开放重大科研基础设施和大型科研仪器。把亿万人民的聪明才智调动起来,就一定能够迎来万众创新的浪潮。

To make innovation deliver, effective allocation of science and technology resources is crucial. We need to reform the management of science and technology plans funded by the central government to establish an open and unified national science and technology management platform. With the focus on supporting basic research, research in cutting-edge technologies, arid key technologies that have a broad application, the government will encourage original innovation and move faster to launch major national science and technology projects. We will enable open access to the country's major science and research infrastructure facilities as well as large-scale or costly research equipment. By giving free rein to the talent arid ingenuity of the Chinese people, we will welcome in a new high tide of popular innovation.



五、持续推进民生改善和杜会建设

V. Making Sustained Efforts to Improve Living Standards and Promote Social Development


立国之道,惟在富民。要以增进民生福祉为目的,加快发展社会事业,改革完善收入分配制度,千方百计增加居民收入,促进社会公平正义与和谐进步。

The only way to build a country is to enrich its people. With increasing people's quality of life as our objective, we will accelerate the development of social programs, reform and improve the income distribution system, do everything possible to increase people's incomes, and promote social equity, justice, harmony, and progress.


着力促进创业就业。坚持就业优先,以创业带动就业。今年高校毕业生 749 万人,为历史最高。要加强就业指导和创业教育,落实高校毕业生就业促进计划,鼓励到基层就业。实施好大学生创业引领计划,支持到新兴产业创业。做好结构调整、过剩产能化解中失业人员的再就业工作。统筹农村转移劳动力、城镇困难人员、退役军人就业,实施农民工职业技能提升计划,落实和完善失业保险支持企业稳定就业岗位政策。全面治理拖欠农民工工资问题,健全劳动监察和争议处理机制,让法律成为劳动者权益的守护神。

We will work hard to promote business development and increase employment. 

We will continue to give top priority to employment and the creation of jobs by encouraging entrepreneurship. This year, the number of college graduates will reach 7.49 million, a record high. We need to strengthen employment guidance and education on starting up in business; implement the plan to help college graduates find jobs and encourage them to look to the community level to find employment; and carry out the plan to guide university students toward starting their own businesses and support them in creating start-ups in emerging industries.

We will work to help people who have lost their jobs due to structural adjustments or measures to address overcapacity to find new employment, and coordinate efforts to ensure employment can be found for people who move from rural to urban areas to find work, vulnerable urban residents who have difficulty finding jobs, and decommissioned military personnel. We will put into effect the plan on providing vocational training for migrant workers, and implement and improve the unemployment insurance policy on supporting enterprises that keep people in their jobs. We will draw on comprehensive governance to deal with the "missing" or delayed wages of migrant workers, improve the mechanisms for supervising the handling of labor issues and disputes, and ensure the law fully functions as the protector of the rights and interests of anyone in employment.


加强社会保障和增加居民收入。企业退休人员基本养老金标准提高 10%。城乡居民基础养老金标准统一由 55 元提高到 70元。推进城镇职工基础养老金全国统筹。降低失业保险、工伤保险等缴费率。完善最低工资标准调整机制。落实机关事业单位养老保险制度改革措施,同步完善工资制度,对基层工作人员给予政策倾斜。在县以下机关建立公务员职务和职级并行制度。加强重特大疾病医疗救助,全面实施临时救助制度,让遇到急难特困的群众求助有门、受助及时。对困境儿童、高龄和失能老人、重度和贫困残疾人等特困群体,健全福利保障制度和服务体系。继续提高城乡低保水平,提升优抚对象抚恤和生活补助标准。提高工资和保障标准等政策受益面广,各级政府一定要落实到位。民之疾苦,国之要事,我们要竭尽全力,坚决把民生底线兜住兜牢。

We will strengthen social security and increase individual income.

The basic pension benefits for enterprise retirees will be increased by 10%. The monthly basic pension benefits for rural and non-working urban residents will be uniformly raised from 55 yuan to 70 yuan per person. We will work to place the basic pensions of workers in urban areas under unified national management. The premiums will be lowered for insurance schemes such as the unemployment insurance scheme and the workplace injury insurance scheme. We will improve the mechanism for adjusting minimum wages. We will take steps to reform the pension system for employees of Party and government offices and public institutions and at the same time improve their pay systems, and we will make policies weighted toward benefiting government and Party employees at the community level. A system will be instituted under which public servants of Party and government offices at and below the county level can be promoted in terms of both their post and their rank, and are paid accordingly.

We will increase aid for treating major and serious diseases and implement the temporary-assistance scheme nationwide so that people with urgent or special needs will have somewhere to go for support, and will be able to get that support straight away. We will develop sound welfare and service systems for vulnerable groups including children living in difficult circumstances, the very elderly, elderly people with disabilities, people with serious disabilities, and people with disabilities who are living in poverty. We will continue to raise subsistence: allowances for rural and urban residents and increase benefits and living allowances for entitled groups. Policies for increasing wages and social security benefits have a bearing on a great number of people; their implementation by governments at all levels must be completely satisfactory. Ensuring people's wellbeing is a top priority for the government, and we must do all we can to make sure that basic needs are met.

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