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2015政府工作报告中英文全文翻译Report on the Work of the Government(10)

时间:2015-03-11 11:19  作者:admin  来源:未知

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文章摘要:2015政府工作报告中英文全文翻译Report on the Work of the Government(10),拉回近郊全裸图,清剿偿其大欲超然自得。

推动财税体制改革取得新进展。实行全面规范、公开透明的预算管理制度,除法定涉密信息外,中央和地方所有部门预决算都要公开,全面接受社会监督。提高国有资本经营预算调入一般公共预算的比例。推行中期财政规划管理。制定盘活财政存量资金的有效办法。力争全面完成“营改增”,调整完善消费税政策,扩大资源税从价计征范围。提请修订税收征管法。改革转移支付制度,完善中央和地方的事权与支出责任,合理调整中央和地方收入划分。

We will ensure that progress is made' in the reform of the fiscal and tax systems.

We will put in place a comprehensive, well-regulated, open, and transparent budgeting system. With the exception of cases where classified information is involved, all central and local government departments must release their budgets and final accounts for public oversight. We will increase the percentage of funds transferred from the budgets for state capital operations to general public budgets. We will introduce medium-term fiscal planning. We will design effective measures to make good use of government funds at hand.

We will devote serious energy to completing work to replace business tax with VAT across the board, adjust and improve policies on consumption tax, and extend price-based resource taxes to cover more types of resources. We will submit a proposal to the NPC Standing Committee on revising the Law on the Administration of Tax Collection.

We will reform the transfer payments system, clearly define the respective powers and spending responsibilities of the central and local governments, and make appropriate adjustments to the division of revenue between them.


围绕服务实体经济推进金融改革。推动具备条件的民间资本依法发起设立中小型银行等金融机构,成熟一家,批准一家,不设限额。深化农村信用社改革,稳定其县域法人地位。发挥好开发性金融、政策性金融在增加公共产品供给中的作用。推出存款保险制度。推进利率市场化改革,健全中央银行利率调控框架。保持人民币汇率处于合理均衡水平,增强人民币汇率双向浮动弹性。稳步实现人民币资本项目可兑换,扩大人民币国际使用,加快建设人民币跨境支付系统,完善人民币全球清算服务体系,开展个人投资者境外投资试点,适时启动“深港通”试点。加强多层次资本市场体系建设,实施股票发行注册制改革,发展服务中小企业的区域性股权市场,推进信贷资产证券化,扩大企业债券发行规模,发展金融衍生品市场。推出巨灾保险、个人税收递延型商业养老保险。创新金融监管,防范和化解金融风险。大力发展普惠金融,让所有市场主体都能分享金融服务的雨露甘霖。

We will move ahead with financial reform to better serve the real economy.

We will encourage qualified private investors to establish, in accordance with the law, small and medium-sized banks and other financial institutions; there will be no quota imposed on them, and approval will be granted as long as all required conditions are met. We will deepen reform of rural credit cooperatives, and keep their status as legal persons in their counties stable. We will ensure development-oriented and policy-backed financial institutions function effectively in increasing the supply of public goods.

A deposit insurance system will be established. We will further liberalize interest rates and improve the central bank's framework for their regulation. We will work to keep the RMB exchange rate at an appropriate and balanced level and allow it to float more freely. We will make steady progress in realizing the convertibility of the RMB capital accounts, expand the use of the RMB internationally, accelerate the establishment of a cross-border payment system for die RMB, improve the; worldwide clearing system for the RMB, pilot private overseas investment, and launch the Shenzhen-Hong Kong Stock Connect on a trial basis at an appropriate time.

We will strengthen the multilevel capital market and implement the reform to introduce a system of registration for issuing stocks. We will develop regional equity markets to serve small and medium-sized enterprises, encourage the securitization of credit assets, prompt an expansion of the issuance of corporate bonds, and develop the financial derivatives market. We will launch insurance to cover major disasters and commercial pension schemes that allow for deferred payment of individual income tax.

We will explore new approaches to financial regulation to prevent and diffuse financial risks. We will channel great energy into developing inclusive finance and ensuring equitable access to financial services for all market entities.


深化国企国资改革。准确界定不同国有企业功能,分类推进改革。加快国有资本投资公司、运营公司试点,打造市场化运作平台,提高国有资本运营效率。有序实施国有企业混合所有制改革,鼓励和规范投资项目引入非国有资本参股。加快电力、油气等体制改革。多渠道解决企业办社会负担和历史遗留问题,保障职工合法权益。完善现代企业制度,改革和健全企业经营者激励约束机制。要加强国有资产监管,防止固有资产流失,切实提高国有企业的经营效益。

We will deepen the reform of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) and state capital.

We will push forward with targeted reform of SOEs on the basis of having clearly defined their functions. We will move more swiftly in carrying out trials on establishing state capital investment companies and operating companies, create a market-based platform for state capital operations, and improve their performance.

We will take systematic steps to implement the reform of introducing mixed ownership to SOEs, and both encourage and regulate equity investment made by non-state capital in SOE investment projects. We will accelerate structural reform of the electricity, oil, and natural gas industries. We will work, through multiple channels, to relieve SOEs of their obligation to operate social programs and help them solve longstanding problems, while at the same time ensuring that the legitimate rights and interests of workers are protected. We will ensure that SOEs improve their modern corporate structure, and incentive and restraint mechanisms for their executives are reformed and strengthened. We will strengthen regulation of state-owned assets and guard against their loss, and ensure that SOEs improve their performance.


非公有制经济是我国经济的重要组成部分。必须毫不动摇鼓励、支持、引导非公有制经济发展,注重发挥企业家才能,全面落实促进民营经济发展的政策措施,增强各类所有制经济活力,让各类企业法人财产权依法得到保护。

The non-public sector is an important component of China's economy. We will remain firmly committed to encouraging, supporting, and guiding the development of this sector, work to enable entrepreneurs to give full expression to their talent, put into effect all policies and measures encouraging the development of the private sector, strengthen the vitality of enterprises under all types of ownership, and protect the property rights of all types of enterprise-legal persons in accordance with the law.


继续推进科技、教育、文化、医药卫生、养老保险、事业单位、住房公积金等领域改革。发展需要改革添动力,群众期盼改革出实效,我们要努力交出一份为发展加力、让人民受益的改革答卷。

We will continue to push ahead with reforms in science, technology, education, culture, medical and health care, pensions, public institutions, and the housing provident fund. Development needs to be driven by reform, and the people are expecting the real benefits reform delivers. We must work hard to make sure that reform boosts development and benefits our people.


开放也是改革。必须实施新一轮高水平对外开放,加快构建开放型经济新体制,以开放的主动赢得发展的主动、国际竞争的主动。

Opening up is itself a reform. We must carry out a new round of high-quality opening up, move more swiftly in building a new open economy, and maintain momentum in development and in international competition by pressing ahead with opening up.

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