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卡梅伦首相就苏格兰脱离英国独立问题发表演讲全文

时间:2016-07-08 12:11  作者:admin  来源:未知

本文地址:http://www.lili1989.net/new/40764/
文章摘要:卡梅伦首相就苏格兰脱离英国独立问题发表演讲全文,沙宣钻探缘悭命蹇,吃力不讨目牛无全宋史。

背景:苏格兰将在今年9月18日举行全民公投,以投票结果决定苏格兰是否脱离英国而独立。最新的民调结果显示,仅29%的苏格兰人计划在今年的苏格兰全民公投时投票支持苏格兰独立,42%的民众打算投反对票。

David Cameron’s Speech on Scottish Independence

Lee Valley Velopark, London, England

Feb. 7, 2014

  I want to thank Glasgow Caledonian for co-hosting this event.

  This is a fantastic, forward-looking university – and we are very grateful for your support today as we are to the Lee Valley VeloPark, for hosting us in this magnificent space.

  
  Less than 2 years ago, this Velodrome was a cauldron of excitement. Chris Hoy was ripping around at 40 miles per hour I was up there, I had a whole seat but believe me, I only used the edge. 3 more golds – an incredible night.
  
  But for me, the best thing about the Olympics wasn’t the winning. It was the red, the white, the blue. It was the summer that patriotism came out of the shadows and into the sun. Everyone cheering as one for Team GB.
  
  And it’s Team GB I want to talk about today.
  
  Our United Kingdom. Last year, the date for the Scottish referendum was fixed. The countdown was set. And today, we have just over 7 months until that vote. Centuries of history hang in the balance a question mark hangs over the future of our United Kingdom. If people vote yes in September, then Scotland will become an independent country. There will be no going back.
  
  As I have made clear, this is a decision that is squarely and solely for those in Scotland to make. I passionately believe it is in their interests to stay in the UK. That way Scotland has the space to take decisions, while still having the security that comes with being part of something bigger.
  
  From Holyrood they can decide what happens in every hospital, school and police station in Scotland and in the UK, Scotland is part of a major global player. These are the arguments we will keep on putting till September 18th. It is their choice, their vote.from www.lili1989.net
  
  But my argument today is that while only 4 million people can vote in this referendum, all 63 million of us are profoundly affected. There are 63 million of us who could wake up on September 19th in a different country, with a different future ahead of it.
  
  That’s why this speech is addressed not so much to the people of Scotland, but to the people of England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Within these countries there are a whole range of different views about this referendum. There are those I’d call the ‘quiet patriots’: people who love the UK, love our flag and our history – but think there’s nothing much they can do to encourage Scotland to stay in the UK so they stay out of the debate.
  
  There are the ‘shoulder shruggers’: people who are ambivalent about the outcome, who think this doesn’t matter much to anyone South of the border. Their view is that if Scotland left the UK then yes, that would be sad, but we could just wave them a wistful goodbye and carry on as normal.
  
  And then there are those – a few – who think we’d be better off if Scotland did leave the UK, that this marriage of nations has run its course and needs a divorce.
  
  Today I want to take on all these views: the idea we’d be better off without Scotland, the idea that this makes no difference to the rest of the UK and the idea that however much we might care, we in England, Wales and Northern Ireland can have no voice in this debate because we don’t have a vote.
  
  All the above are wrong. We would be deeply diminished without Scotland. This matters to all our futures. And everyone in the UK can have a voice in this debate.
  
  I want to make this case by putting forward what, to me, are the 4 compelling reasons why the United Kingdom is stronger with Scotland in it:
  
  The first is our connections with each other. Over 3 centuries we’ve lived together, worked together – and frankly we’ve got together getting married, having children, moving back and forwards across borders.
  
  Such is the fusion of our bloodlines that my surname goes back to the West Highlands and by the way, I am as proud of my Scottish heritage as I am of my English heritage. The name Cameron might mean ‘crooked nose’ but the clan motto is “Let us unite” – and that’s exactly what we in these islands have done.
  
  Today 800,000 Scots live elsewhere in the UK and more than 400,000 people who were born in the rest of the UK now live in Scotland. And there are millions of people who do business over the border every single day, like the farmers in Lincolnshire who grow some of the barley that’s used in Scotch whisky.
  
  The United Kingdom is an intricate tapestry, millions of relationships woven tight over more than 3 centuries. That’s why, for millions of people, there is no contradiction in being proud of your Scottishness, Englishness, Britishness – sometimes all at once.
  
  Some say none of this would change with independence, that these connections would stay as strong as ever. But the fact is: all these connections – whether business or personal – are eased and strengthened by the institutional framework of the UK.
  
  When the Acts of Union were passed, the role of the state was limited to things like defence, taxes and property rights. Since then the state has transformed beyond recognition and our institutions have grown together like the roots of great trees, fusing together under the foundations of our daily lives. You don’t need a customs check when you travel over the border, you don’t have to get out your passport out at Carlisle, you don’t have to deal with totally different tax systems and regulations when you trade and you don’t have to trade in different currencies.
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